At the root of modern psychology is the understanding that human beings are conditioned by their childhood experiences. Freud and his followers created psychoanalysis to treat psychological disorders by analysing their roots in the past. In Italy in 1911, Roberto Assagioli one of the pioneers psychoanalysis took this understanding further by proposing that even as our past effects the present, so too do the possibilities of the future. In other words, just as childhood is affecting our present living, so too is our vast human potential for healing and change. Indeed, repression of this higher potential can lead to psychological disturbances every bit as debilitating as repression of childhood trauma. Assagioli maintained that just as there is a lower unconscious, there is also a superconscious. He described this as a part of the psyche which contains our deepest potential, the source of the unfolding pattern of our development. Assagioli formulated his discoveries into an approach he called psychosynthesis which he meant as a complement to and inclusive of psychoanalysis. Plumbing the depths of the past and healing childhood traumas is as crucial to psychosynthesis as it is to other psychological orientations.
Assagioli's 'Egg diagram' shows a map of  the human psyche as he understood it.
In psychosynthesis the work of uncovering difficulties and blocks in the psyche is carried out within the context of discovering and expressing the profoundly rich inner resources of the unfolding Self. The essence of Psychosynthesis is the harmonious integration of all our component parts around a unifying centre.
Psychosynthesis is one approach within the field of therapy known as transpersonal.